Museum of Natural History "Craveri"
The first hall on the right of the second floor hosts a manifesto of the Turkish Collection of Artifacts entitled Tenerée: 100.000 years of Saharan Prehistory. The first three showcases introduce visitors through the African continent and the Sahara of yesterday and today, in the area explored by Dr. Turkish: approaching the Tenerèe observing the climate change, not always a desert, and therefore the 5 itineraries, which have led to the collection of more than 600 lithic and ceramic finds. The successive 6 houses the most interesting materials displayed in chronological order and theme. Numerous finds, charts and photographs illustrate the following themes: Hunting (chopper, two-faced, flipping tips), Waters (goblets, zagaga, fishing), Harvesting of spontaneous fruits (slices of wood and sharp stone, containers and mills) , Tools (axes, arrowheads, pottery), Daily life (objects of daily use), Society and Spirit (ornaments, ritual objects, pre-Islamic burial tombs). Two large wall panels illustrate the evolution of prehistoric civilizations in North Africa; while the frame, above the windows, reproduces graffiti and rock paintings. All the materials of the trips were the subject of study and publication of the Museum by Francesco Fedele and Giancarlo Turco in the volume Prehistory of the Tenerée (1983).
On the second floor, the second hall on the right highlights the close link between Museum and Territory: it is dedicated to the Natural Environment of the Braidese, reconstructed with dioramas.
The realization contributed to the long experience gained in the scientific dissemination and environmental education, which, in field experimental exits, has started thousands of local school children, with careful observation and study of the main geological, botanical, faunistic and hydrobiological of our territory, The great diorama represents the spring rebuilding of the Bra. Territory, from the Cherasco Plateau All Rocche di Pocapaglia, with the setting of most significant animals and plants (beyond 80 species). To the left, where the Rias of Cherasco flow into the river Stura di Demonte, we find the Damp environment, in the center, under the monviso that in the distance dominates the western Alps,Primate environment, right above Bra,Hills of America of the Woods which is the first encounter with the Roero hills, steeped in SE and sloping slope at NW. The dioramas in front present three close snapshots of the 3 habitat of the polydorama: on the left Roero underbust in the fall, in the center a Corn field in winter, right i Margins of a pond in spring. Vegetation and fauna stimulate the visitor to discover the specimens and their identification.
Three Museum Halls are currently dedicated to the Vertebrates. In the first one after an overview of the phylogenetic relationship between the partially extinct Orders, which constitute the group in question, many specimens of Pisces, Amphibians and Reptiles are exhibited, both recently acquired and belonging to the ancient collections.
The dry preparations illustrating Piedmontese ichthyosaurus are largely suggestive, largely prepared for Craveri by cap. Vincenzo Abbre of Cuneo.
The Calle dei Pesci preferred a centered approach to the ecology and the multiplicity of their environment-friendly solutions, while amphibians and reptiles are ordered according to a systematically eminently criterion. Of historical value are some preparations made by Craveri: Salamander, Rane, Rospi, and in particular certain species of Iguanidas originating in Mexico: Cyclura sp., Sauromalus craverii, Phrynosoma cornutum. Above the reptilian windows there are two Anaconda skins (6 and 4 meters) and one of Boa, a crocodile and two turtles: a terrestrial, who lived long in the garden of Casa Craveri and the other marina (two caretta of Caretta Red Sea shroud are on the stairs), while on the front door there is the trophy of a swordfish. On the central wall, some drawings, with their size related to human stature, reproduce eight of the most famous, pre-historic land, air and water reptiles.
The first room is dedicated to Mineralogy, Geology and General Paleontology. In the first two windows, the minerals are treated for their physical characteristics (crystalline structure, hardness, light refraction, magnetism, radioactivity, use) and then systematically grouped by classes. Following is a showcase with the three groups of rocks (eruptive, sedimentary and metamorphic). In the following, vegetal and animal artefacts are exhibited in various ways of fossilization. The panels above the windows show the vivid transformations of continental blocks during the geological eras, explained by the hypothesis of the "tectonic plateau".
On the third wall are treated the Stratigraphy and Evolution of Animal Plants and the Paleogeography of Northern Italy (before the hot subtropical periods and then the glaciation). In the second room, reserved for the local geo-ectological aspects, a plastic highlights the deviation of the Tanaro River due to the erosion of the hilly stretch of Roero and Langhe, while on the other side, some aerial photographs documented old watercourses now abandoned. Starting from the ancient situation of the European Basin (Tepida), we mention the alpine Orogenesi and the formation of a Gulf of Padano, documenting with numerous fossils, the subsequent phases of deep sea and lagoon, and the emergence of the Piemontese Tertiary Basin. A showcase exhibits fossil finds of Felsinotherium (Dugongo) and Anancus (Elephant).
The multitude of Invertebrate organisms are dedicated to two floors on the first floor. In the second, two panels illustrate Malacological Provinces and Molluscs Habitats; a showcase exhibits Poriferi, Celenterati, Echinodermi; six showcases systematically exhibit a Malacology Collection, followed by a diorama on the Mollusks of the Mediterranean.
Finally, two mural windows, entering the left, expose Crustaceans, Arachnids, and Miriapods. Above the shop windows you can see the main forms of Gasteropods and Bivalve, to start the young collectors to group the specimens following the shapes.
The first room leads the visitor to the Insect World: a colossal class proposes a vision ranging from morphology to evolution and systematic, without forgetting the astonishing complexity of biological cycles and the variety of behavioral patterns of these fascinating, small animals .
In total, the Insects are dedicated to 11 showcases in which the newly acquired entomological materials are partially exposed, while the old and precious Craveri collections are carefully guarded in the closets. Above the windows are: a large evolutionary-systematic of the Invertebrate, the forms and the number of species known to date, of all the Insect Orders.
Dr. Ettore Molinaro
Civic Craveri Museum of Natural History and
Territorial Laboratory of Environmental Education
Via Craveri, 15 - 12042 Bra (CN) Italy
Phone (0039) 0172-41.20.10
Fax (0039) 0172-41.50.79
9.00-12.30 and 14.30-18.30
Audience Visit Time:
Monday to Thursday from 15 to 18; for schools or groups, only by reservation, also in the morning from Monday to Friday from 9 to 12,30.
Sunday open from 10 to 12,30 and from 15 to 18 with accompanying rooms included in the cost of the ticket.
Friday afternoon and closed saturday
Total closing days
New Year's Day, Easter and Eve, 1 May,
8 September, 15 August, Christmas and
eve, 26 and 31 December.
NB According to the required services ask