The law for the acquisition of Italian citizenship currently in force (5 February of 1992 No. 91) follows the principle of transmission for ius sanguinis, ie from parents to children, therefore young people born and raised in Italy but who have both foreign parents, even if they do not have the right to birth by birth can acquire Italian citizenship once they are eighteen. Article 4, paragraph 2, of the law states that foreigners born in Italy who have resided legally without interruption up to the age of majority may become Italian citizens with a simple declaration of will to be made to the civil status officer within one year from the age of majority.
He is therefore a citizen by birth:
(a) the son of a father or mother of a citizen;
b) who was born in the territory of the Republic if both parents are unknown or stateless, or if the child does not follow the citizenship of the parents according to the law of the State to which they belong.
A child of unknown persons found in the territory of the Republic is considered as a citizen by birth if no other citizenship is proven (Law 91 / 1992 - Article 1 paragraph 1 paragraphs a) and b) and paragraph 2).
Young immigrant children who wish to continue living in Italy, study and work, Italian citizenship will give them the opportunity to enjoy some important rights, for example be enrolled in the electoral rolls and vote, to move freely within the countries of the European community, access public competitions and then work for public bodies, access to professional orders.
In order to apply for citizenship, you must contact the civil status office of the municipality, with a valid identity document, making a declaration that you want to acquire citizenship. The requirements for acquiring Italian citizenship, if the alien is born in Italy, are:
1. the possession of foreign nationality (Community or non-Community);
2. birth in Italy;
3. the maintenance of legal residence uninterrupted from birth at the end of the 18 ° year: the person concerned must have been uninterruptedly entered in the register (also in different municipalities) from birth until reaching the age of majority;
4. the regularity of the stay in Italy;
Failure to register at the birth of the child is not prejudicial to the acquisition of citizenship, if the interested party can produce documentation suitable to demonstrate his / her actual presence in Italy prior to the regularization of the register by producing attestations of school enrollment, certificates of vaccination, etc. medical certificates (64.2 13 7 / 2007 circular Ministry of XNUMX November XNUMX).
Legal residence means possession of a regular residence permit and enrollment in the registry. Con Circular 22 / 07 7 November 2007 the Ministry of the Interior has stated that the enrollment the child's late retirement will not be prejudicial to the acquisition of Italian citizenship, even if the actual presence of the minor in the territory is documented before the regularization of his / her birth certificate such as: vaccination certificates, medical certificates, etc .. Once you have verified your fitness, you will need to pay a contribution of 200 Euro on the 809020 XCMXX headed to the Ministry of the Interior. DLCI - Citizenship.
At this point, once the question is accepted, it will be necessary to swear allegiance to the Republic on the Constitution.
They can get citizenship, as well as born in Italy, minors, if parents acquire Italian citizenship before they reach the age of majority (ius communicatio) or they can acquire citizenship by age if:
• are married to an Italian citizen and from the date of maturity 2 years of continuous residence (the years after the marriage become 3 if they are resident abroad); are halved in the presence of smaller children:
• have completed ten years of residence in Italy;
• are adopted by Italian citizens
If this practice can not be carried out within one year of the 18 years, citizenship may be granted by decree of President of the Republic, according to art. 9 comma 1 became. a) of 91 1992 Act, if you have legally resided in Italy for at least three years. In this case, the application must be submitted to the prefecture of Cuneo with all necessary documentation of residence attestation. However, unlike the "election" citizenship between 18 and 19 years, it will be necessary demonstrate a minimum income and pay the 200 euro share once in a while with the documentation
Italian law then allows dual citizenship, but many countries do not allow the retention of previous citizenship once they have acquired another. If you are interested in not losing the citizenship of your country of origin, you must contact the Consulate of the country concerned.
In the Official Gazette no. 144 21 2013 June 21 Decree-Law 2013, n.69, "Urgent Provisions for Economic Revival" was published, which art. 33 recites as "Simplification of the procedure for the acquisition of citizenship for a foreigner born in Italy":
"1, for the purposes of 4 article 2, of 5 February 1992, No. 91, the person concerned can not be held responsible for any breach of obligations arising out of the parents or offices of the Public Administration, and he can demonstrate possession of requirements with any other suitable documentation.
2. Civil Servants are required to complete the eighteenth year of age in order to inform the person concerned, at the place of residence of the office, of the possibility of exercising the right referred to in paragraph 2 of the aforementioned article 4 of the law n . 91 of 1992 by the end of the nineteenth year of age. Failure, the right may also be exercised beyond that date ".