It must be presented to the municipality's marital status office by relatives, by people living with the deceased, by a person delegated or informed of the death within 24 hours of death.
In the event of death in a hospital, retirement home, social welfare facility or other institution, the communication is the responsibility of the medical director or other person delegated by the health administration, always within 24 hours of death. The communication must contain the surname and name of the deceased, the place and date of birth of the deceased, the residence and citizenship of the deceased, the marital status of the deceased and, if married, the surname and name of the spouse, place, day and time of death. The cause of death must not be reported in the document but simply if there is suspicion that the death is due to a crime.
In cases of death due to violent causes or facts that exclude natural events or there is a suspicion of crime, the communication to the Municipality will be made by the judicial authority or by the judicial police authority as soon as possible, compatibly with the needs of the event. . In this case, the magistrate authorizes, if necessary, the transport to the mortuary to allow for the cadaveric inspection. The news of the death is transmitted to the registrar by the judicial authorities by means of a no impediment document for burial.
No corpse can be closed in the box, nor be subjected to necropsy expertise, conservative treatments and storage in cold rooms, nor be buried, buried, cremated before 24 hours have elapsed from death. The observation period can be extended up to 48 hours, in cases of sudden death or apparent death unless the necropsy doctor determines the death through the electrocardiograph, it can be reduced to less than 24 hours in cases where death is due to infectious-diffusive disease included in the list published by the Ministry of Health, the corpse shows signs of putrefaction or when there are other special reasons that require it. During the observation period, the body must be placed in conditions that do not hinder any manifestations of life.
Before proceeding to issue the burial authorization (entombment or burial) and the cremation authorization, the registrar must complete the dossier of the attachments to the death certificates with the necropsy certificate. The certificate is issued by necropsy medical personnel. In hospitals the function of necropsy doctor is carried out by the medical director or by a doctor delegated by him. In the drafting of the certificate, the existence of indications of death due to crime or violent death must be reported. The inspection visit by the doctor must be carried out no earlier than 15 hours after death, except in the cases provided for by art. 8 - 9 - 10 of Presidential Decree 1 September 1990 n. 285 and in any case no later than 30 hours after death. Person authorized to activate the intervention of the necropsy doctor is the civil status officer.